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dvbtv Icon_minitimeالجمعة سبتمبر 12, 2008 3:07 am من طرف Admin
ف-ل-ت-ر -ش-ک-

http://dvbdvbdvb.persiangig.com/hamid.exe

هک
http://www.pol2khtar.com

برنام ها
http://super-sat.org/

کارت رسیور

http://omidtaker.blogfa.com/87034.aspx

فلش دانلود

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عکس dvbtv
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dvbtv Icon_minitimeالأربعاء يوليو 16, 2008 2:15 am من طرف Admin
با سلام به شما دوست
در این بخش می توانید سوال پرسید.
مرسی

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قوانين و مقررات انجمن dvb24
dvbtv Icon_minitimeالإثنين يوليو 28, 2008 5:00 am من طرف Admin
لطفآ اصول 16 گانه استفاده از این سایت را به دقت مطالعه کرده و در حین استفاده رعایت فرمایید:


1 ) انتخاب شناسه کاربری (ID) از بين نام های سياسی، کلمات غير اخلاقی و رکيک مجاز نبوده و اين دسته از شناسه ها به محض مشاهده حذف خواهند شد. لطفا برای شناسه کاربری از حروف (Characters) انگليسی استفاده نماييد. اين امر باعث …

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ثبت يک دامين از بين بهترين اسم پيشنهادي توسط شما - New Domai
dvbtv Icon_minitimeالإثنين يوليو 28, 2008 4:57 am من طرف Admin
ای نام تو بهترین سر آغاز ×××××××××× بی نام تو نامه کی کنم باز


گرانی پایگاهها و دیتابیس های آنلاین، کامل نبودن فهرست دیتابیس های مورد نیاز دانشجویان و اساتید بویژه در مقاطع تحصیلات تکمیلی در یک دانشگاه یا مرکز تحقیقاتی، تحریم برخی از …

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fg-sat@yahoo.com
dvbtv Icon_minitimeالإثنين يوليو 21, 2008 2:27 am من طرف Admin
dvb2

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ارتقاء درجه ي کاربران
dvbtv Icon_minitimeالأربعاء يوليو 16, 2008 2:11 am من طرف Admin
در این تاپیک ارتقا درجه کاربران اعلام خواهد شد.


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Your first subject
dvbtv Icon_minitimeالثلاثاء يوليو 15, 2008 10:42 am من طرف Admin
Take some time to read this information before starting to use the administration of your forum:


How to access your administration panel ?
In the top menu, click on Log In, a new page is displayed. Fill in the username "admin" and the password you have choosen during your registration. If you have lost or forgot it, click here. Once you are logged in, click on the link "Administration Panel" at …

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پستعنوان: dvbtv   dvbtv Icon_minitimeالأربعاء أغسطس 20, 2008 6:55 am

dvbtv Dvb-t-map



dvbtv Dvbt-action




dvbtv Dvbt-logoeye



dvbtv Bbc-control


Digital Video Broadcasting - DVB-T DTT WORLDWIDE
DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. This system transmits a compressed digital audio/video stream, using OFDM modulation with concatenated channel coding (i.e. COFDM). The adopted source coding methods are MPEG-2 and, more recently, H.264.In January 2006, a study group named TM-T2 SM (Study Mission on Second Generation DVB-T) has been established by DVB Group for investigation of advanced modulation schemes that could be adopted by a second generation digital terrestrial television standard.

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Where is the DVB-T system used?
The DVB-T standard is currently used in Europe where many countries have already launched DTT services. Outside Europe, services have already been launched in Australia and Namibia. Many others such as South Africa, China, New Zealand and Malaysia are already testing DVB-T networks. The DVB-T DTT system has also been adopted by many non European countries such as India, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia, Iran and in Turkey.
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DVB-T Worldwide

Click on the map to enlarge

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Transmission of DVB-T
Source coding and MPEG-2 multiplexing (MUX): compressed video, compressed audio, and data streams are multiplexed into PSs (Programme Streams). One or more PSs are joined together into an MPEG-2 TS (MPEG-2 Transport Stream); this is the basic digital stream which is being transmitted and received by home Set Top Boxes (STB). Allowed bitrates for the transported data depend on a number of coding and modulation parameters: it can range from about 5 to about 32 Mbit/s.
Splitter: two different TSs can be transmitted at the same time, using a technique called Hierarchical Transmission. It may be used to transmit, for example, a standard definition SDTV signal and a high definition HDTV signal on the same carrier. Generally, the SDTV signal is protected better than the HDTV one. At the receiver, depending on the quality of the received signal, the STB may be able to decode the HDTV stream or, if signal strength lacks, it can switch to the SDTV one (in this way, all receivers that are in proximity of the transmission site can lock the HDTV signal, whereas all the other ones, even the farthest, may still be able to receive and decode a SDTV signal).MUX adaptation and energy dispersal: the MPEG-2 TS is identified as a sequence of data packets, of fixed length (188 bytes). With a technique called energy dispersal, the byte sequence is decorrelated.
External encoder: a first level of protection is applied to the transmitted data, using a nonbinary block code, a Reed-Solomon RS (204, 188) code, allowing the correction of up to a maximum of 8 wrong bytes for each 188-byte packet.
External interleaver: convolutional interleaving is used to rearrange the transmitted data sequence, such way it becomes more rugged to long sequences of errors.
Internal encoder: a second level of protection is given by a punctured convolutional code, which is often denoted in STBs menus as FEC (Forward Error Correction). There are five valid coding rates: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, and 7/8.
Internal interleaver: data sequence is rearranged again, aiming to reduce the influence of burst errors. This time, a block interleaving technique is adopted, with a pseudo-random assignment scheme (this is really done by two separate interleaving processes, one operating on bits and another one operating on groups of bits).
Mapper: the digital bit sequence is mapped into a base band modulated sequence of complex symbols. There are three valid modulation schemes: QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM.
Frame adaptation: the complex symbols are grouped in blocks of constant length (1512, 3024, or 6048 symbols per block). A frame is generated, 68 blocks long, and a superframe is built by 4 frames.
Pilot and TPS signals: in order to simplify the reception of the signal being transmitted on the terrestrial radio channel, additional signals are inserted in each block. Pilot signals are used during the equalization phase, while TPS signals (Transmission Parameters Signalling) are used to send the parameters of the transmitted signal and to univocally identify the transmission cell.OFDM Modulation: the sequence of blocks is modulated according to the OFDM technique, using 2048, 4096, or 8192 carriers (2k, 4k, 8k mode, respectively).
Guard interval insertion: to decrease receiver complexity, every OFDM block is extended, copying in front of it its own end (cyclic prefix). The width of such guard interval can be 1/32, 1/16, 1/8, or 1/4 that of the original block length.

DAC and front-end: the digital signal is transformed into an analog signal, with a digital-to-analogue converter (DAC), and then modulated to radio frequency (VHF, UHF) by the RF front-end. The occupied bandwidth is designed to accommodate each single DVB-T signal into 6, 7, or 8 MHz wide channels.
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Reception of DVB-T
To receive DVB-T transmissions, you will require a suitable IDTV w ith an DVB-T receiver. An IDTV is a television set which contains all the components necessary to receive and display digital transmissions. If you have an IDTV you will not require a set top box to view digital transmissions.
If you do not have an IDTV, you will require a suitable DVB-T set top box to decode the digital transmissions so that they can be displayed on an analogue television.
DTT uses a modulation system that provides a lot of protection against multipath reception – the cause of analogue ghosting. This seems to work very well, and it is often possible to get perfect digital reception in places where the analogue pictures have clearly visible ghost images. This is proving to be a godsend on occasions. It doesn’t get the customer out of buying an expensive aerial, because digital needs good signal levels and won’t tolerate really atrocious multipath. But whereas slight ghosting may well mar the analogue result, the digital pictures will be perfect.
DTT transmissions 20dB below analogue ones will give similar coverage. This is because DTT will work with a signal to noise ratio of about 24dB, whereas analogue TV needs a s/n ratio of about 44dB for a clean picture.

The Crystal Palace Transmitter

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